Global Food Security Index 2019 Highlights The Growing Threat of Climate Change

Monday, December 23rd, 2019 | 1782 Views

The Global Food Security Index (GFSI) 2019 examines the state of food systems across 113 countries. Developed by The Economist Intelligence Unit, and supported by Corteva Agriscience, this year’s report of the data highlights the potential threat of the environmental crisis on food security and how proper investment and advances in food innovation can help to mitigate this risk.

For the second consecutive year, Singapore, Ireland and the United States have retained their respective top three positions as leaders of food security, despite the addition of critical metrics to this year’s framework including the cost of food, agriculture infrastructure and nutritional standards.


Top five countries ranked Food security score (out of 100)
  1. Singapore
  1. Ireland
  1. United States
  1. Switzerland
  1. Finland
  1. Norway


Global climate crisis – the impact of natural resources and resilience

Recognising the growing impact of the global climate crisis and depletion of natural resources, the GFSI also includes “Natural Resources and Resilience” as a separate category of data sets to the other three established dimensions of food security. When this factor was accounted for in the analysis, all countries suffered a drop in their overall scores, highlighting the vulnerability of global food systems against threats such as drought, flood and rising sea levels.

When the fourth pillar was considered, countries who are heavily dependent on food imports for their food supplies such as Singapore, the United Emirates and the Philippines saw their ranking drop significantly, by eleven, nine and eight places respectively. Singapore’s decline in the table was also attributed to water-related risk factors including its vulnerability to storm severity, ocean eutrophication and rising sea levels.


Limited availability of nutrition

The GFSI 2019 also revealed that for a significant number of countries, essential vitamins and minerals are simply not available. More than 30 percent of countries reported to have insufficient amounts of Vitamin A, which is key in ensuring normal vision, a healthy immune system and organ function. Similarly, around a quarter of countries measured have insufficient amounts of zinc, an essential nutrient for maintaining a healthy immune system and functioning metabolism.


Further reading:

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